Urology is a medico-surgical specialty that focuses on the female and male urinary system, as well as the male reproductive system. It deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of conditions related to:

    • The urinary system: kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra, adrenal glands
    • The male genital organ: prostate, testes, vas deferens, seminal vesicles and the penis

The most frequent urological pathologies are:

    • Urinary tract disease: urinary tract infection, kidney stone
    • Prostate cancer, kidney tumors
    • Functional urination disorder: urinary incontinence for example
    • Renal failure: requires intervention from an outpatient nephrology service.

The urologist welcomes both women and men for consultation. He often uses different specialized methods to initiate his diagnosis such as:

    • Urinalysis or more generally the urodynamic assessment: assessment of the functioning of the bladder
    • Medical imaging (ultrasound, CT scan, MRI): the most frequent being renal and prostate ultrasound examinations
    • Endoscopic examinations: for example ureteroscopy
    • Renal scintigraphy: a nuclear medicine technique, performed externally at the Avicenne clinic

For treatment, the urologist may use a variety of drugs or in certain situations involves surgery such as lithotripsy for the treatment and removal of kidney stones.

The urologist is also qualified to treat problems in the field of andrology in cases of male infertility or erectile dysfunction.